Thus already by the 1920s there were vigorous movements towards Chinese control of church institutions. It sentenced Europeans to death for spreading Christianity among Han Chinese and Manchus. Are the charges of imperialism and ethnocentrism justified? Buddhism and Catholicism -- 7. Most missionaries came from , the , , , , , or the. The social and political context; 2. Those who are merely hearers or followers of the doctrine, if they will not repent and recant, shall be transported to the Mohammedan cities in Turkistan and given to be slaves to the beys and other powerful Mohammedans who are able to coerce them. When she prayed for them, many were suddenly healed.
The early 1930s saw a rapid spread of the Local Assemblies: a missionary was forced to admit in 1935 that the movement was growing very fast, especially in Zhejiang, attracting many church members and even leaders. By intense personal evangelism they attracted large numbers of Christians to follow their example, especially in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Fujian. People lost their jobs, others were thrown into jail, others still were sent to labor camps. A survey of the Protestant community -- 3. There also includes a variety of based on the teachings, such as , , , , the , the , the and the.
They ignored previous church customs, had little contact with foreigners and established new ecclesiastical traditions of their own, which they maintained were those of the first apostles. The Search for modern China. They can reveal themselves to others because of the trusting relationships they have with other Christians. Christians who would not repent their conversion were sent to Muslim cities in Xinjiang, to be given as slaves to Muslim leaders and. Chan has worked in China since 1979 and has traveled to most parts of China for various projects.
In 1982, according to the government, there were 3 million Protestants and about 3 million Catholics. Christian missionaries, they believe, were often the agents of Western imperialism. In 1860 Protestant missions were confined to five coastal cities. Until recently, the church remained relatively static. The Conversion of Missionaries: Liberalism in American Protestant Missions in China, 1907-1932 1997. Because of his contribution to the socioeconomic developments in China, he was awarded the Honorary Citizen of the Qingyuan City, Guangdong Province, China. She went to the village where her daughter lived and began to preach there.
Since the mid-20th century, there has been an increase in the number of Christian practitioners in China. Although some secret meetings were discovered, local Christian activities continued uninterrupted. Famines and other natural disasters repeatedly swept through the country. Average people of China have little knowledge of the history of Christian missions. They show that healing, protection, and vengeance by gods have been deep-rooted elements of Chinese religiosity for several hundred years, notions appropriated by Christians who now emphasise the powers of Jesus. A History of Christian Missions in China. When I travel to the interior of China, the Christian communities all claim they've seen and experienced miracles.
I hear such stories all the time in my travels. Chinese Protestantism is seen to result from an interesting blend of the old and the new, and comparative material is adduced which sets Protestantism side by side with Catholicism and Buddhism, the two religions in China of comparable scope. Yet we have to remember that from 1911 to 1949, China was continuously at war—civil war and at war with Japan. I travel to different Christian communities in China, and most of them have virtually no linkage, structurally or historically, with mission societies. Main article: Christianity did not arrive in China until of the began work in 1807 at. Founded in 1928, and with no support at all from missions, it had some 70,000 members by 1949 and is still influential today. Comparatively speaking, religious groups have far more freedom today than they did 100 years ago.
During the second half of the century, increased numbers of missionaries entered the country. Yamamori; Holistic Entrepreneurs in China, Pasadena, California: William Carey International University Press, 2002 with T. They know foreign missionaries brought the gospel to China, but their evaluation of the missionaries is ambiguous at best. Was this relatively static state due to government persecution? Varieties of Christian life -- 6. Christianity in a Revolutionary Age, Vol. Christianity in a Revolutionary Age. Protestantism and Chinese religious culture; 5.
From 1949 to 1980, hostility was directed against Christians and other so-called bad elements of society, including intellectuals. Through Earthquake Wind and Fire. Church leaders were unpaid, and supported by contributions from the congregation. One typical example: An old Christian woman in one village decided, after her eightieth birthday, to start preaching the gospel. The church was independent from missionaries and had no foreign stigma, although it is true that much of its theology derived ultimately from western sources, notably the Plymouth Brethren.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Christian missionaries, they believe, were often the agents of Western imperialism. Those memories trigger resentment among the Chinese, even among Chinese Christians. Yes, but we must remember that people in any age find it extremely difficult to detach themselves from their history and culture. Among the mechanisms tending towards this were devolution of control inside the denominational churches; the widespread network of unsupervised Christian groups in rural areas; the foundation of neo-western churches by separate Chinese groups; and the creation of Chinese churches that were to some extent Chinese in cultural content as well as personnel. In any case, it has been phenomenal.
The authors draw on extensive fieldwork, and offer fascinating insights into the beliefs and practices of a little-documented section of Chinese society. Then two more people came to ask for healing, and she prayed, and they were healed. Sun Yat-sen's Christian Schooling in Hawai'i. A wide range of sources are utilised by the authors, and these lead to one of the most complete and detailed surveys of Christianity in China ever produced. It was pietist and spiritual in orientation with a minimum emphasis on social welfare. They had no pastors, but many believers organized themselves and produced their own leaders.