She has particular research interests in the quantitative modelling of consumers' and firms' choices as well as in including behavioural aspects into this modelling. Thomas Mellewigt am Institut für Management promovierte. She points out that, in spite of a thorough literature research, merely 17 contributions on make-and-buy in the industrial purchasing context could be identified over the last 30 years. We draw on the psychological factors of stewardship theory — motivation and identification — to suggest how social businesses franchisors and franchisees select each other to generate goal alignment and on the situational factors— management philosophy and culture — to suggest how social businesses franchisors manage franchisees to maintain goal alignment. British Journal of Management, 23 2 : 165-178. This is the starting point of Katja Nothnagel's thesis, in that she aims to contribute to the elimination of all three deficiencies.
However, none of these theories presents a satisfying explanation as to why firms would concurrently source, i. First, we argue that the general applicability of agency theory to social franchises is limited as the psychological and situational characteristics underlying the relationship between actors differ from traditional principal-agent relationships. Anna Krzeminska war als wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin an den Universitäten Mainz und Paderborn sowie als freie wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin an der Freien Universität Berlin tätig, wo sie bei Prof. To address this gap we distinguish different types of social franchises based on the franchisee's and franchisor's dominant motivation. Wissen gilt aufgrund seines häufig impliziten Charakters als eine zentrale strategische Ressource. Wissenschaftlichen Jahrestagung des Verbandes der Hochschullehrer für Betriebswirtschaft e.
However, the results also suggest that there is an important leadership behaviour that is underdeveloped in many social entrepreneurs, which is associated with the more managerial side of running the organization. Schmalenbach Business Review, 60: 205-210. Thomas Mellewigt am Institut fur Management promovierte. Here, one party chooses to at out agency behavior while the other chooses stewardship behavior. Workshops der Kommission Organisation des Verbands der Hochschullehrer für Betriebswirtschaft e. After assessing transaction cost economics as the most important theory of the make vs. This approach not only enables an explanation of determinants, management mechanisms, and performance implications of different make-and-buy types but also contributes to a better understanding of the categorization of economic institutions.
The manual was authored by Dr. Forschungsprojekte auf diesem Gebiet befassen sich beispielsweise mit dem Zusammenhang von den Eigenschaften der dem Outsourcing unterliegenden Leistung und der Intensität des Einsatzes von Steuerungs- und Kontrollinstrumenten. Recent papers have yielded rich, but inconsistent, theoretical and empirical insights. This approach not only allows distinguishing different types of make-and-buy but also enables an explanation of determinants, management mechanisms, and performance implications of each make-and-buy type separately. Texte du rabat While making and buying are usually regarded as being mutually exclusive in extant theory, in reality, making-and-buying is employed in various contexts, such as industrial manufacturing, the media, and clinical trials.
Empirical analysis with data from the German automotive industry shows predominant support for the hypotheses. A multi method research approach is suggested. Moreover, they deliberately suppress ownership incentives through profit reinvestment, market wage and non-dividend policies. Since the finance and innovation perspective are distinct yet independent dimensions, we derive and illustrate four cases of how social business and social entrepreneurship may but need not overlap. Social business and social entrepreneurship offer an exciting field for empirical and conceptual management research.
Our framework interprets the pure forms of both social business and social entrepreneurship as the two-dimensional combination of a pure social mission with either pure financial self-sustainability social business or a pure innovation focus social entrepreneurship. Make-and-buy describes the simultaneous use of in-house prod- tion and external procurement of a good or service. To demonstrate the theoretical potential and empirical relevance of our framework, we illustrate our arguments by referring to social franchising, a scaling strategy considered relevant for nonprofits as well as social enterprises. Our discussion suggests that multidimensional hybridity is the empirical rule rather than the exception. We extend stewardship theory by conceptualizing stewardship costs—costs in delegation relationships based on stewardship behavior.
Rather, we propose stewardship theory as a means to understand goal alignment in situations of ineffective economic ownership incentives. Firms often procure the same input via multiple means, e. Furthermore, the Leadership in Social Enterprise manual serves to support the founders and chief executive officers of social enterprises by providing advice that is tailored to the realities of mission-driven organizations at various stages of their development. Abschließend werden jeweils kurz die wesentlichen Ergebnisse kritisch vorgestellt. Second, we suggest that reported failures of social business franchises may have occurred because of mixed-motive choices.
Transaction cost economics, neoclassical economics, and the firm capabilities literatures propose theories of the firm that typically depict firm boundaries determined by a dichotomous choice: the make or buy decision. Outsourcing Ein Kernproblem der unternehmerischen Praxis besteht in der Wahl zwischen Eigenerstellung und Fremdbezug. She points out that, in spite of a thorough literature research, merely 17 contributions on make-and-buy in the industrial purchasing context could be identified over the last 30 years. . Holtom und Wenzel Matiaske, 2009.
To connect to two major aspects in existing franchising literature, selection and management, we draw on the psychological factors of stewardship theory to explain selection and use the situational factors to explain management in social franchising. Thus, this work contributes to a better understanding of the categorization of economic institutions. Based on our propositions, we further contribute to research by drawing two sets of implications. The conceptual framework builds on the behavioral theory of the firm and transaction cost economics. Firstly, Anna Krzeminska reviews the existing research on make-and-buy.